The ancient wonder of the world the Taj Mahal is located in the city of Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. The Taj Mahal, which looks one building from the outside, is basically a set of structures made up of white marble. The emperor Shah Jahan built it for his late wife Mumtaz Mahal as a tribute to her after she died while delivering their 14th child. Shah Jahan employed a group of architects for the construction of the Taj Mahal. The making of the Taj Mahal took 17 years. When you go from Delhi to Agra by car, try asking about the detailed history of the Taj Mahal from the guide. He will tell you how difficult the planning of the Taj Mahal was. There is the Taj Museum also inside the complex of the Taj Mahal. There are some documents which will show you how the earlier designs were made multiple times and then they rebuild them.
The Group of Architects
Shah Jahan was the chief ruler over there. He had all the treasure and political command to build a structure called the Taj Mahal. He invested millions of amount in building the Taj Mahal. He imported the material and outsourced the labor from other countries. The labor was of the finest quality as he had to get the work done in the shortest possible time with fineness. Besides, Shah Jahan employed a group of architects to plan and organize the making of the Taj properly.
The Magic of Contrast
There were great heads thinking about the long run results. In a general fashion, sometimes these are matching combination preferred and sometimes there is contrast. But the creative minds had an understanding that the fashion of contrast will be evergreen. Even if it is not, it is easy to catch anything if it is in contrast. Thus, the designs made were mostly in contrasting patterns and we all can see the results today.
Contrasting Inlays in Between
There are inlays between the structures of the adjoining elements. There are precious stones and diamonds used in it. These inlays are there because of the space between them. There is very smart usage of white inlays in the buildings made up of sandstone. Similarly, there is brilliant usage of darker black inlays in the structures which are made up of white marble.
Areas of Mortar
There are some areas which are mortared in the buildings made up of white marble. Mortared areas mean the areas which are built of mortar. Mortar is a mixture of lime or cement with sand and water. These areas which are made up of mortar are painted in contrasting colors. The business helps in making the geometric patterns which look very beautiful when they are painted in contrast. There is a lot of complexity in the geometric patterns of construction. But this complexity is mainly while making it. Give the beautiful look when it is done carefully and thoughtfully.
Floors and Walkways
The floors and walkways have tiles or blocks. These tiles and blocks are also capable of creating a geometrical or tessellation pattern. Tessellation can be defined as a pattern of shapes which are closely fitted together, especially as of polygons in repeated forms. There are no gaps or overlapping between these shapes. The floors and walkways in all the buildings of the Taj have also used the tiles of contrasting colors which are framed in tessellation style. The colors dominantly used are yellow, Jade and Jasper. There are inlaid stones made up of these colors.
These inlay stones are different from the main floor. There is hardly any place which has complete single material flooring. There is the use of different kinds of material almost everywhere. This needed a lot of hard work to implement it with ease. The majorly used material was marble. The marble used to be of different colors. If while inserting some piece of inlay, it got damaged; the entire piece of marble would have got wasted. In addition to that, it was also important to put the stones in level with each other so well that the alignment does not get disturbed. So, the work had to be done very carefully.
So, now if you are planning to go for the Taj Mahal tour from Delhi, be very minute in noticing these details that have been discussed so far. These are the very important points in every monument and this only help a monument reaches on a list of the heritage lists and world records. There are many other features which make the Taj Mahal a great monument. All these are not random, they are the result of the creativity, patience and hard work of all the people working together and moreover, the love of Shah Jahan who understood the labor pain of his wife at the age of 40 and got dedicated to her so much.