Alzheimer’s treatment

Alzheimer’s is a degenerative disease of the brain. Causes of Alzheimer’s disease involve an abnormal build-up of proteins in and around brain cells thus blocking nerve signals. This leads to dysfunction even in daily activities and functions like confusion, dementia, and memory loss.

Although this chronic neurological disease does not have a permanent cure at present, Alzheimer’s treatment options exist that may help to relieve some of its effects on those suffering from it. Best Neurologists in India recommend that current Alzheimer’s medications can help for a particular time-period with memory symptoms and other cognitive changes. Alzheimer’s treatment medicines such as cholinesterase inhibitors work by blocking an enzyme called acetylcholinesterase to maintain the level of acetylcholine in the brain. Donepezil is a prominent drug used for such treatments. Other Alzheimer’s treatments include Memantine, which is thought to work by blocking the activity of glutamate, a neurotransmitter that can be toxic if it accumulates at high levels in the brain. The third type of treatment follows a combination of donepezil and memantine. This acts synergistically on both slowing down Alzheimer’s progression and improving cognitive function.

Alternative remedies with proven benefits to people with Alzheimer’s but do not pose major health risks as such include Ginkgo Biloba, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Curcumin, and Saffron.

The US Food and Drug Administration (US-FDA) approved Aducanumab (Aduhelm) on 21 June 2021. This is the first drug approved in the United States for human clinical trials.  The drug helps treat the underlying cause of Alzheimer’s by targeting and removing amyloid plaques in the brain. The FDA approved the drug on the condition that further studies be conducted to confirm the drug’s benefit. Experts also need to identify which patients may benefit from the drug. So far, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved four Alzheimer’s treatments: three drugs and one vaccine therapy.

Diseases often misdiagnosed as Alzheimer’s

  • Mild Cognitive Impairment
  • Delirium
  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH)
  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Bipolar & Mood Disorders
  • Vitamin B-12 Deficiency

Important things to note while taking care of Alzheimer’s patients

  • Schedule wisely – Daily activities such as bathing, medical appointments should be fixed when the person is most active and spontaneous. Make space for other leisurely activities as well. Prioritise activities according to how long it takes to complete the same.
  • Encourage the person – People with dementia should be allowed to do every activity as much as possible with minimal resistance. This keeps their brain regions active.
  • Simple instructions – Easy to understand one-line instructions are best grasped by people with Alzheimer’s.
  • Reduce distractions – While having meals, conversations or doing important activities, turn off devices or TV or things that are very likely to cause distractions. This helps people with dementia to focus.
  • Create a safe environment – It is wise to install locks, prevent falls or injuries by proofing the premises and rooms, take precautions with substances that can cause unprecedented mishaps, etc.
  • Patience and flexibility –  Each person with Alzheimer’s disease will experience its symptoms and progression differently. Self-care and the support of friends and family can help one deal with the challenges and frustrations ahead.

People affected by Alzheimer’s need constant care and have to be dealt with patience and flexibility. SeekMed offers easy access to the Best Neurologists in India , who can provide affordable quality care in addition to optimizing treatment best-suited to the disease progression and lifestyle of patient. If you or someone you know have been experiencing difficulties even during treatment, then it now is the best to seek a second opinion online with award-winning super-specialists.